This paper identifies several cross-WMD-regime lessons for policy practitioners to consider in their efforts to implement and strengthen WMD-related agreements. The paper outlines several benefits to compliance with WMD-related agreements, before discussing the challenges faced in determining non-compliance; the role of specialist international bodies in addressing non-compliance; the importance of agreed procedures to facilitate the resolution of compliance concerns; and the tools available to address cases of non-compliance and enforce treaty regimes.
Revill, James, John Borrie, Pavel Podvig, and Jennifer Hart. 2019. “Compliance and Enforcement: Lessons from across WMD-Related Regimes.” WMDCE Series No. 6. Geneva, Switzerland: UNIDIR. https://doi.org/10.37559/WMD/19/WMDCE6