The purpose of the Second Review Conference in 2012 is to review progress made in the implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA) and the International Tracing Instrument. This report seeks to quantify efforts to implement the national level commitments contained in the PoA and the International Tracing Instrument, in order to identify areas where implementation has been strong and where examples of best practice may be available, as well as to identify gaps in implementation and areas where implementation efforts have been weak or have faced difficulties. The analysis was conducted on a regional and subregional basis to identify trends and patterns with respect to implementation efforts at these levels.

The Second Review Conference provides an opportunity to assess the state of overall implementation of the PoA and the International Tracing Instrument, and set the agenda for the next six-year cycle. This report is intended as a resource to help states and practitioners prepare for the Second Review Conference by providing a detailed overview of states efforts to implement the PoA since its adoption in 2001, and the International Tracing Instrument since 2005, based on states' own assessment of their implementation efforts, as contained in national reports.

Citation: Sarah Parker and Katherine Green (2012). "A Decade of Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of National Reports", UNIDIR, Geneva.