A core objective of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is to prevent and eradicate the illicit trade of conventional arms and prevent their diversion. Since 2020, the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Conflict Armament Research (CAR), and Stimson Center have implemented a joint research project examining the progress made by States Parties to prevent, detect, and address diversion since the Treaty’s entry into force in order to identify and promote knowledge on effective counter-diversion measures. The report presents findings of this research and publish a new methodological tool that interested State Parties can use to assess the existence and efficacy of counter-diversion measures in their national context. It also takes stock of the ATT’s contributions to enhancing national and multilateral efforts to tackle diversion and discusses options and avenues to promote the establishment and strengthening of sustainable measures within the framework of the ATT that create an enabling environment for countering the diversion of conventional arms.

Sponsor Organizations: France, Germany