Ammunition profiling helps local and national law enforcement authorities to reduce armed violence by shedding light on the illicit supply of ammunition. This factsheet provides key findings and insights from an ammunition profiling case study conducted in Luton and Bedfordshire in the United Kingdom.

Based on an analysis of 2,185 individual pieces of whole round and cartridge cases recovered and recorded in connection with firearms-related incidents between 2010 and 2020, this factsheet presents key points including:

  • 23% of ammunition in the past 10 years was manufactured domestically in the UK
  • a peak in seizure cases was observed in 2013 and 2018
  • the most common manufacturers included Fiocchi, Sellier & Bellot and Umarex, which together made up 39% of total ammunition collected between 2010-2020


Français: Impact initial du profilage des munitions d'armes légères dans les contextes de violence armée : Bedfordshire, Royaume-Uni

Español: Impacto inicial de la elaboración de perfiles de municiones de armas pequeñas en el contexto de violencia armada: Bedfordshire, Reino Unido

Citation: Erica Mumford and Alfredo Malaret (2022) "Initial Impact of Profiling Small Arms Ammunition in Armed Violence Settings: Bedfordshire, UK, Case Study" UNIDIR, Geneva.