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Exploring Options for Missile Verification

Exploring Options for Missile Verification

15 March 2022

Pavel Podvig (editor)

68 Pages

Missiles are becoming an increasingly prominent element of military arsenals, but the system of arms control that helped provide a check on the missile arms race is under considerable stress. Addressing this challenge will require developing new approaches to missile verification.

This report covers various aspects of verification arrangements that could be applied to missiles. The authors look at the experience of past arms control and disarmament efforts, provide an overview of existing verification tools, and initiate a discussion of potential arrangements that could make future arms control agreements possible.

The general conclusion of the report is that there is a variety of options to consider. Most verification arrangements would require a fairly high level of transparency, but that is what makes them stronger and more reliable. The path to building an effective verification arrangement is to design it in a way that facilitates cooperation and transparency. 


Podvig, Pavel (ed.). 2022. Exploring Options for Missile Verification. Geneva, Switzerland: UNIDIR.


Listings image: Detail of "Topol TEL in Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps St. Petersburg" by Tobias Begemann, CC BY 2.0 licence

linked programmes

Weapons of Mass Destruction and Other Strategic Weapons

sponsor organization

Government of Germany.

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