The increasing magnitude and sophistication of criminal and terrorist use of ICTs could be seen as a threat to international security. Because of the transnational dimension of these threats, effective cooperation among States is vital.
In 2015 the United Nations General Assembly approved Resolution 70/237 to welcome the 2015 report of the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security, which proposed a set of 11 voluntarily non-binding norms.
Among these was Norm 13 D, which invited States to cooperate to address criminal and terrorist use of ICTs. This report identifies challenges and possible solutions by proposing actionable options for States, particularly in the area of information exchange and handling of electronic evidence for international investigations and prosecutions.
France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Switzerland, as well as Microsoft.