This publication offers an overview of existing literature relevant to understanding the linkages between gender and biological and chemical weapons; focusing on analyzing possible sex- and gender-specific effects of these weapons.

It argues that sex- and gender-disaggregated data, as well as knowledge of gender perspectives, can contribute to States’preparedness and enhance the effectiveness of assistance under the Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions.

It proposes a gender-responsive approach to assistance, which can help States and their populations to become more resilient to and recover more rapidly from chemical or biological incidents.

Citation: Renata Hessmann Dalaqua, James Revill, Alastair Hay and Nancy Connell (2019) “Missing Links: Understanding Sex- and Gender-Related Impacts of Chemical and Biological Weapons.” UNIDIR, Geneva.