This report outlines a number of trends that are facilitating advances in different areas of the life sciences, including immunology, neuroscience, human genetics and reproductive science, agriculture and infectious disease. Research and development in these fields is overwhelmingly undertaken for peaceful purposes and potentially provides many benefits to society, the global economy, and future generations. However, the same areas of research raise a number of ethical, legal, safety and security concerns, including concerns that developments therein could feed into of new forms of biological weapons with different and potentially more damaging effects to those of the past.

Citation: L. Warmbrod, James Revill and Nancy Connell (2020) "Advances in Science and Technology in the Life Sciences and their Implications for Biosecurity and Arms Control", UNIDIR, Geneva, Switzerland.

Sponsor Organizations: This research area is supported by the Governments of Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Switzerland, and by Microsoft