UNIDIR held its twelfth annual Space Security Conference, entitled “Enhancing confidence, ensuring space stability," on 2 and 3 April 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland. The conference was organized in collaboration with Secure World Foundation, The Simons Foundation, and Chatham House, with support from the Governments of India, Japan, the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America. The conference focused on the potential negative impacts of emerging security threats on all types of outer space activities. In-depth discussions were held on the roles that might be played by various stakeholders in efforts to enhance stability in outer space.